Huang, FD (reprint author), 320 Yue Yang Rd,SIBS 163, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China,firstname.lastname@example.org
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), an efflux multidrug transporter, was shown to be elevated in both glia and neurons in seizure focus in refractory epilepsy patients. Up-regulation of MRP1 and other multidrug transporters in perivascular astrocytes was suggested to cause resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) by reducing the concentration of AEDs at the epileptogenic areas. However, it is not known whether the up-regulation of MRP1 in neurons can cause resistance to AEDs, such as sodium phenytoin (PHT) and valproic acid (VPA). PHT inhibits voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) by occluding it, but whether PHT enters the channel through its inner or outer pore is not known. The authors overexpressed human MRP1 protein only in neurons in a Drosophila genetic seizure model, bang senseless (bss) mutants. The authors found that overexpression of MRP1 blocked the attenuation of the seizure behavior of bss mutants by acute and chronic application of PHT, and by chronic application of VPA. Conversely, overexpression of MRP1 in neurons increased the tolerance of bss flies to high-dosage PHT and VPA. Thus, up-regulation of MRP1 expression only in neurons causes resistance to AED in seizure flies. Moreover, the current data suggest that PHT enters VGSC through its inner pore.
Bao, Guan-Shui; Wang, Wen-An; Wang, Tian-Zhe; Huang, Jian-Kang; He, Hua; Liu, Zhenguo; Huang, Fu-De.Overexpression of Human MRP1 in Neurons causes resistance to Antiepileptic Drugs in Drosophila Seizure Mutants,JOURNAL OF NEUROGENETICS,2011,25(4):201-206