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Title: Overexpression of SIRT1 in Mouse Forebrain Impairs Lipid/Glucose Metabolism and Motor Function
Author: Wu, Dongmei ; Qiu, Yifu ; Gao, Xiang ; Yuan, Xiao-Bing ; Zhai, Qiwei
Source: PLOS ONE
Issued Date: 2011
Volume: 6, Issue:6, Pages:e21759-e21760
Keyword: SIGNAL-REGULATED KINASE ; PANCREATIC BETA-CELLS ; CALORIE RESTRICTION ; SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY ; MITOCHONDRIAL-FUNCTION ; INSULIN SENSITIVITY ; ENERGY-METABOLISM ; THYROID-HORMONE ; PPAR-GAMMA ; MICE SHOW
Subject: Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
Corresponding Author: Wu, DM (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Nutr & Metab, Inst Nutr Sci, Shanghai Inst Biol Sci,Grad Sch, Shanghai, Peoples R China,qwzhai@sibs.ac.cn
English Abstract: SIRT1 plays crucial roles in glucose and lipid metabolism, and has various functions in different tissues including brain. The brain-specific SIRT1 knockout mice display defects in somatotropic signaling, memory and synaptic plasticity. And the female mice without SIRT1 in POMC neuron are more sensitive to diet-induced obesity. Here we created transgenic mice overexpressing SIRT1 in striatum and hippocampus under the control of CaMKII alpha promoter. These mice, especially females, exhibited increased fat accumulation accompanied by significant upregulation of adipogenic genes in white adipose tissue. Glucose tolerance of the mice was also impaired with decreased Glut4 mRNA levels in muscle. Moreover, the SIRT1 overexpressing mice showed decreased energy expenditure, and concomitantly mitochondria-related genes were decreased in muscle. In addition, these mice showed unusual spontaneous physical activity pattern, decreased activity in open field and rotarod performance. Further studies demonstrated that SIRT1 deacetylated IRS-2, and upregulated phosphorylation level of IRS-2 and ERK1/2 in striatum. Meanwhile, the neurotransmitter signaling in striatum and the expression of endocrine hormones in hypothalamus and serum T3, T4 levels were altered. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that SIRT1 in forebrain regulates lipid/glucose metabolism and motor function.
Indexed Type: sci
Language: 英语
Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://ir.sibs.ac.cn/handle/331001/1536
Appears in Collections:神经所(总)_期刊论文

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Wu, Dongmei; Qiu, Yifu; Gao, Xiang; Yuan, Xiao-Bing; Zhai, Qiwei.Overexpression of SIRT1 in Mouse Forebrain Impairs Lipid/Glucose Metabolism and Motor Function,PLOS ONE,2011,6(6):e21759-e21760
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