Shen, B (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Biol Sci, Inst Neurosci, Key Lab Neurobiol,Grad Sch, 320 Yue Yang Rd, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China,email@example.com
Neuronal excitability can cooperate with synaptic transmission to control the information storage. This regulation of neuronal plasticity can be affected by alterations in neuronal inputs and accomplished by modulation of voltage-dependent ion channels. In this study, we report that enhanced excitatory input negatively regulated neuronal excitability. Enhanced excitatory input by glutamate, electric field stimulation or high K+ increased transient outward K+ current, whereas did not affect the delayed rectifier K+ current in rat cultured cortical neurons. Both the voltage-dependent K+ channel 4.2 and 4.3 subunits contributed to the increase. The increase in the K+ current density by Kv4.2 was ascribed to its cytoplasmic membrane translocation, which was mediated by NMDA type of glutamate receptor. Furthermore, enhanced excitatory input inhibited neuronal excitability. Taken together, our results suggest that excitatory neurotransmission affects neuronal excitability via the regulation of the K+ channel membrane translocation.