Zhou, Z (reprint author), Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Inst Biophys & Biochem, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China,
Using microfluorometry to assay intracellular Ca2+, the influences of varied factors on glucose-induced Ca2+ signals, such as glucose-induced initial decline phase (GIDP), Ca2+ oscillation, and Ca2+ release from internal stores, were investigated in single rat pancreatic beta cells. Glucose was able to evoke GIDP even at non-stimulus concentration (5 mol/L), which is insufficient to induce Ca2+ spikes. GIDP was dependent on neither membrane depolarization nor extracellular Ca2+. However, GIDP was inhibited by thapsigargin, indicating a dependence on Ca2+ uptake by Ca2+ stores. The glucose-induced calcium oscillation was inhibited when external Ca2+ was removed. However, thapsigargin could not block the Ca2+ oscillation. These results suggest that maintenance of Ca2+ oscillation requires extracellular Ca2+ but not Ca2+ stores. Glucose was able to evoke Ca2+ signals even in the absence of external Ca2+. The glucose-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores was blocked by TTX. However, TTX had no effect on high K+-induced Ca2+ store release, suggesting that membrane depolarization can directly release Ca2+ from some internal Ca2+ stores in beta cells.